El festival de Woodstock

El Festival de Woodstock

Corría 1969. En Enero Led Zeppelin había lanzado su primer álbum y Nixon asumía la presidencia de los EE UU; en Marzo, John Lennon y Yoko Ono se casaban en Gibraltar y se moría Dwight Eisenhower; en Mayo “The Who” presentaba su Opera “Tommy”; en Julio se estrenaba la película “Easy Rider” y Neil Armstrong ponía sus pies sobre la Luna…….. Estos son algunos eventos de aquel histórico año que en materia musical, será recordado como el año del Festival de Woodstock.

Carlos Santana, el batero murió poco después.

 

Cuatro nombres para un concierto

Michael Lang, John Roberts, Joel Rosenman y Artie Kornfeld son los padres de la criatura. Con la finalidad de hacer un “tremendo negocio” y después de muchas discusiones decidieron preparar un concierto multitudinario para el que calcularon una asistencia de unas 200.000 personas que pagarían una entrada de $18 por tres días.

Para ello escogieron el pueblo de Woodstock fundado en 1787 en el condado de Ulster, Nueva York, aunque el concierto se hizo, finalmente, en una granja del pueblo rural de Bethel (condado de Sullivan) a 69 kilómetros al suroeste de Woodstock. En ese momento nunca imaginaron que iban a generar uno de los hitos más importantes en la historia de la música pop.

 

Jimi Hendrix sería el encargado de cerrar el festival

Un error de cálculo.

El total de entradas anticipadas vendidas fue de 187.000 (un verdadero récord) y de allí el “estimado” de que asistirían 200.000 personas, sin embargo, el flujo de asistentes fue tan grande que produjo un congestionamiento masivo nunca antes visto en el estado de New York. El número exacto de personas que asistió nunca lo sabremos, aunque muchos coinciden en que se reunieron allí unas 500.000 personas aproximadamente.

Viernes 15 de Agosto 1969

El concierto se inició el Viernes 15 de Agosto, pasadas las 17:00 horas con la actuación de Richie Havens, le siguieron esa tarde noche: Sweetwater, The Incredible String Band, Bert Sommer, Tim Hardin, Ravi Shankar, Melanie, Arlo Guthrie y cerró la entrañable Joan Báez.

Sábado 16 de Agosto

El concierto se reinició a las 12:15 horas con estas presentaciones: Quill, Keef Hartley Band, Country Joe McDonald, John Sebastian, Santana, Canned Heat, Mountain, Janis Joplin with The Kozmic Blues Band, Grateful Dead, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Sly & the Family Stone, The Who y Jefferson Airplane.

"Con una ayudita de mis amigos", la canción que cantó Joe Cocker se transformó en un himno.

Domingo 17 de Agosto

Después de una larga noche, pasadas las 14:00 horas se subía al escenario Joe Cocker, Country Joe and the Fish, Ten Years After, The Band, Blood Sweat & Tears, Johnny Winter, Crosby Stills Nash & Young, Paul Butterfield Blues Band, Sha-na-na y cerraba Jimi Hendrix.

Algunos datos

Es mucho lo que podemos decir sobre este concierto, por ejemplo que la banda Mountain, interpretó entre otras “Theme For An Imaginary Western” compuesta por Jack Bruce. Que The Who empezaron a tocar a las 4:00 de la madrugada (de sábado para domingo) y ejecutaron un concierto completo de 25 temas. Que despúes de la actuación de Joe Cocker el domingo, se desató una gran tormenta que llevo a la suspensión tempral del concierto hasta las 6 de la tarde. Que la banda que menos cobró fue Quill ($375), y el que más Jimi Hendrix ($18.000).

Los que no pudieron asistir

Aparte de los artistas que participaron, la organización invitó a otras bandas para que lo hicieran y esta es la lista de los que dijeron que no: Doors, que cancelaron a última hora; Led Zeppelin que iniciaba una gira de verano; Jethro Tull cuyo líder Ian Anderson habría afirmado “que no estaba dispuesto a pasar el fin de semana con unos hippies que no se lavaban”, aunque esto no está comprobado; Tommy James and The Shondells que se encontraban en Hawaii; Bob Dylan que se mantuvo reacio a participar, aunque lo hizo dos semanas después en el Festival de la Isla de Wight; y The Moody Blues que habían aceptado una invitación para tocar en París ese fin de semana.

Otros que no pudieron asistir fueron: Jeff Beck Group (con Rod Stewart como solista), Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention y, aparentemente, se dice que hasta The Beatles, aún cuando por esas fechas ya estaban prácticamente desintegrados. Al parecer John Lennon habría propuesto participar con The Plastic Ono Band…..

The Who,  "Mi generación"

El impacto de Woodstock.

Como dice Mariano Muriesa en su blog La Comuna: “al margen del impacto social que supuso, Woodstock pasó a convertirse en leyenda por la explosión de genialidad, creatividad y fuerza que los grupos que tocaron allí desplegaron……

…. Joe Cocker se convirtió en una de las más grandes estrellas del rock de los 70 catapultado por su impresionante conciertazo de 1969, Grateful Dead, Canned Heat o Jefferson Airplane conocieron en Woodstock el momento álgido de su carrera, lanzó a la fama mundial a Santana, consagró a Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, en el ámbito del rock duro los Mountain de Leslie West y los Ten Years After de Alvin Lee rompieron con todo y el mito de Jimi Hendrix como el mejor guitarrista de todos los tiempos se cimentó en su inolvidable actuación …. ”

La música de esos tres días

Para finalizar retomamos un comentario de Jorge Luis Tineo Rendón, escrito el año pasado en su Blog “Quiero hablar”, con el que estamos totalmente de acuerdo:

“Hoy abundan los análisis - algunos más apasionados que otros - acerca de las verdaderas motivaciones de las personas que lo organizaron, así como los debates con respecto a la real trascendencia del hippismo y su significado: ¿eran verdaderos ideólogos juveniles protestando contra la insensatez de los “grandes” o simplemente se trataba de una masiva manifestación egocéntrica y hedonista de una generación ansiosa por validar sus comportamientos al margen de lo socialmente aceptado? ….

…. Lo más probable es que haya tenido de ambas cosas, pero más allá de cualquier opinión personal o de estudios descontextualizados, resulta fácil entender que en el mundo actual, mientras que asuntos como la paz y el amor continúan en una lucha permanente por no desaparecer - una lucha que, a juzgar por los desmanes de la administrción Bush o los últimos sucesos de Georgia, viene perdiendo en el balance general de acontecimientos - la música, sobre todo la que se hizo en esos tres días, aún vive entre nosotros, aún emociona, aún sorprende…”

Y ustedes ¿qué opinan? ¿Qué fue lo que más les gusto? ¿Que fue lo que menos?

Nota: Este artículo fue escrito por nuestro colaborador Lito Brau

Fuentes: Woodstok Official Site, Woodstock Preservation, Woodstock69, Alternative Reel, Blog Quiero Hablar, Blog La Comuna, JoshGallo Blog, Wikipedia (English version)                 Ir al artículo original

A continuación una sobredosis de rock

 

 Ten Years After 

Richie Havens

Arlo Guthrie

 

 

 

 

 

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